Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the fastest-growing wellness trends sweeping the world. This trend has been particularly acute in the USA, especially since the 2018 Farm Bill passed.
CBD oil is sought out for its medical properties and is used to treat a range of ailments from anxiety, insomnia, stress, PTSD, and epilepsy, to name just a few. It is most commonly taken as a CBD vape oil and inhaled through an e-cig like vaporizer device, but there are many other ways to take it, such as edibles, tinctures, capsules, salves, or topicals.
This legislation means it's now easier than ever to access and purchase CBD products. While some states still have strict laws on CBD in any form other than Epidiolex, which is used as prescription epilepsy medication, on the whole CBD, it is now easier than ever to access. The price of CBD oil can vary widely, with a 30ml (1oz) bottle costing anywhere from $40 to $200, with the potency of the CBD and the extraction method significantly impacting the price.
As hemp is legal to grow in much of the USA, there is no reason real reasons consumers need to pay these prices.
Those with a green thumb and a little free time can grow hemp at home as long as the strain has under 0.3% THC and they take care not to exceed any state cultivation limits.
Alternatively, good-quality hemp can be purchased and used to make CBD oil in your kitchen with a bit of work.
CBD can be extracted from both marijuana and hemp. While hemp plants generally contain higher than average CBD, that isn't the case for marijuana which is often bred for higher THC levels.
There are many ways to extract CDB from the plant material, while industrial CBD producers use solvent extraction methods with pressurized CO2, ethanol, butane, propane, etc. These methods require expensive equipment, a good amount of room, and scientific knowledge to do safely, so they are not suitable for home conditions.
Alcohol extraction, where the hemp plant is soaked in alcohol to extract the cannabinoids, is more straightforward than most industrial extraction methods, but the high-proof alcohol used can be highly volatile. Without decent ventilation and careful monitoring, the vapor can pose a severe risk of fire or explosion.
The simplest and safest method for home CBD oil extraction is to use a carrier oil. Hemp seed, coconut oil, avocado oil, or olive oil can all be used for this.
This article will describe this method step by step in this article so you can make a high-quality CBD oil at home.
This method of CBD extraction is for making a canna-oil that can be used in your CBD recipes, whether that's cookies, brownies, or whatever else you wish to make. It will work equally well with high CBD hemp or high THC marijuana.
· 1/4 Oz of high-CBD hemp flower
· 8 Oz carrier oil (we will use olive oil)
· Ice cubes
· Salad Spinner
· Large pot to boil water
· French Coffee Press
· Mason jar or similar glass jar with lid (to store your oil)
· Large tea strainer
· Pyrex Dish
· Tin Foil
Clean the Hemp/Marijuana
Before we can make the hemp oil, the herb should be cleaned. This will help remove any contaminants such as insecticides like neem oil or insecticidal soap. We can also remove much of the chlorophyll and flavonoids which give that distinct weedy flavor. If we don't do this, whatever we make with the canna oil will have a distinct weed taste.
1) Pick apart the dry herb and soak in distilled water in the french press overnight. Do this for three days or so. Every 12 hours, agitate the water and herb mixture by working the plunger up and down a few times. Then strain and change the water. After three days, the water should run clear.
Blanch the Herb
2) Place the cleaned cannabis in the large tea strainer.
3) Bring a pot of water to the boil on the stovetop, and set a timer for 5 minutes.
4) Place the tea strainer with the cleaned herb into the boiling water and start the 5-minute timer.
5) Prepare a bowl of ice water
6) After 5 minutes, remove the tea strainer with the herb from the boiling water and place it immediately in the ice water for 60 seconds.
Dry and Decarb the Herb
7) Preheat oven to 240ºF
8) After 1 minute, remove the tea strainer from the ice water and gently break the herb into a salad spinner.
9) Spin the herb in the salad spinner for 30 seconds to 1 minute to remove excess water.
10) Place the herb into a pyrex dish, cover with foil and bake for 60 to 75 minutes to decarboxylate.
11) After 60 to 75 minutes, remove the oven-proof dish and set it to cool for 5 minutes.
12) Remove the foil and check the herb is dry. If the herb is not completely dry, it will give a herbaceous flavor to your oil. You can let it rest overnight to dry out if needed.
Infuse the Oil
13) Bring a large pot of water to a slow boil.
14) Place dried, decarbed hemp into the french press with the olive oil, close the french press with the plunger, then place standing upright in boiling water for 2 - 2 1/2 hrs.
15) Every 30 minutes, swirl the CannaOil in the french press.
16) Every 20-30 minutes, check the water level in the pot. It should be at the same high as the oil in the french press. Refill water slowly as needed.
17) Remove the french press and let it sit and cool for 30 minutes.
18) Once cooled, press the plunger down in the french press to strain the oil and pour oil into a heat-proof jar with an airtight lid.
19) Store in a cool, dry place.